Startseite › Verlauf
Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof/ The International Criminal Court (ICC)
The establishment of a new permanent International Criminal Court in 2002 represents a major breakthrough in international justice. The Court will investigate and prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes when national authorities are unable or unwilling to do so.
The Court will therefore act as a catalyst for states to fulfil their primary obligations to investigate and prosecute the crimes.
Amnesty International began campaigning for the establishment of International Criminal Court in 1993. The organization was very active in the drafting of the Rome Statute of the Court, which was adopted in July 1998, and other supplementary documents, including the Rules of Procedure and Evidence and the Elements of Crimes prepared by the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court between 1998 and 2002.
Since the adoption of the Rome Statute, more than half the countries of the world have ratified it. Only one country, the United States of America, has actively opposed the Court. However, its opposition has diminished significantly in recent years as the work of the Court has shown the US government’s concerns to be unfounded.
To ensure the success of the Court, Amnesty International campaigns for:
Since the Court was established, its Prosecutor has launched investigations into crimes committed in: